Manned Flight nº: 141
Earth orbit Flight nº: 138
USSR Flight n°: 72
Launch & orbit data:
|Designation|| 21311 / 91034A|
|Launch date - time|| 18 May 1991 - 12:50:28 UT|
|Launch site|| Baikonur, LC1|
|| Soyuz 11A511U2|
|OKB name - S/N°|| Soyuz 7K-STM (11F732) s/n° 62|
|Mass (kg)|| 7.150|
|Call Sign|| Oson (Ozone)|
|Earth orbit on :|
| - Perigee / Apogee|| 389 / 397 km|
| - Inclination|| 51.6°|
| - Period|| 92.4 min||
Docking & landing data:
|Docking date - time|| 20 May 1991 - 14:30:43 UT|
|Target spacecraft/port|| Mir/fore|
|Undocking date - time|| |
|Redocking date - time|| UT|
|Target spacecraft/port|| Mir/Kvant|
|Undocking date - time|| 09 Oct 1991 - 20:55:08 UT|
|Deorbit burn date - time|| |
|Landing date - time|| 10 Oct 1991 - 04:12:18 UT|
|Landing location|| 67 km SE of Arkalyk|
|Flight Duration (d:hr:min)|| 144:15:22|
|Nbr orbits|| |
|Landing crew|| Artzebarsky, Aubakirov, Viehböch|
(crew TM-12 & TM-13)
Krikalev landed with Soyuz TM-13 on 25 Mar 1992
Sharman landed with Soyuz TM-11 on 26 Mai 1991
Launch Crew (EO-9)
|| Anatoli Pavlovich
||144d 15h 21m
|| Sergei Konstantinovich
|| Flight engineer
||311d 20h 01m
|| Helen Patricia
|| Research cosmonaut
||7d 21h 13m
Sharman is the first British space traveller and her participation
in the mission is part of Project Juno, which is financed by the
Moskva Narodniy Bank and has no connection with the British government.
|| Flight engineer
|| Research cosm.
2nd Backup crew: Viktorenko Aleksandr S. & Avdeyev Sergei.
Food fight on Mir - Credit: RKK Energia.
Mir Strela - Cosmonaut uses Mir Strela Boom - Credit: RKK Energia.
- Soyuz TM-12 was launched on May 18, 1991.
The crew are Anatoliy Pavlovich Artsebarskiy (Komandir), Sergey Konstantinovich Krikalyov (Bortinzhener) and Helen Patricia
Sharman (Kosmonavt-issledovatel'). Artsebarskiy and Krikalyov are the new Mir main crew.
- Docking on Soyuz TM-11-Quant1-MIR-Kristall-Quant2 complex on May 20;
scientific experiments together with the eighth resident crew; Artsebarsky
and Krikalyov became ninth MIR resident crew; both cosmonauts performed
six EVA's on 24.06.1991 (4h 58m), 28.06.1991 (3h 24m), 15.07.1991 (5h
45m), 19.07.1991 (5h 28m), 23.07.1991 (5h 34m) and 27.07.1991 (6h 49m) (assembly of Sofora).
- Late on Oct 9, 1991 Artsebarskiy, Aubakirov and Viehbock transferred to Soyuz TM-12 and undocked from the
rear Kvant port, landing in Kazakhstan at 0412 UT on Oct 10.
Mir Expedition EO-09. Carried Anatoli Artsebarski, Sergei Krikalev, Helen Sharman to Mir; returned Artsebarski, crew of Soyuz TM 8 to Earth. Second commercial flight with paying British passenger. Sponsoring British consortium was not quite able to come up with money, however. Flight continued at Soviet expense with very limited UK experiments.
Mir EVA - Sfora arm - Cosmonaut on Strela boom silhouted against solar panel. - Credit: RKK Energia.
Soyuz TM-12 - Sharman after landing. - Credit: RKK Energia.
Launch cancel and special Baikonur cancel.
Cosmic Mail: with octagonal Mir boardcancel and octagonal docking date
cancel 200591, signed by the crew.
Ref.: #1, #7(JR74,92), #8, #10, #16, #210 - update: 05.10.18